Mary X. Mitchell
History of Science, Technology, & Medicine; Legal History; Bioethics; Professional Ethics; Environmental & Administrative Law
My dissertation, tentatively titled "Test Cases," is an environmental-legal history of nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands from 1946-2010. Following World War II, the U.S. exercised near complete control of the Marshall Islands, detonating 67 above-ground nuclear devices at Enewetak and Bikini atolls between the years of 1946 and 1958.
From the initiation of testing through the present day, these experiments furnished scientific data about nuclear weapons’ destructive capabilities as well as their biological and environmental effects. At the same time, islander communities—especially those forced to migrate because of testing—served as important sites of applied social scientific experimentation in governance.
Despite the centrality of the Marshall Islands to American scientific and military pursuits, Marshall Islanders have occupied a marginal position in relation to American nuclear affairs. Test Cases explores issues of environmental justice--of islander exclusion and American imperialism--through the prism of legal challenges to American nuclear testing and its aftermaths. It traces how and why U.S. administrators, Marshall Islanders, and antinuclear activists called upon shifting configurations of law, technology, and science to attempt to define the relationship between America’s growing global power and its core democratic principles.
Before beginning graduate work in the history & sociology of science, I worked in science and technology law and served as a judicial law clerk to Judge Anthony J. Scirica, United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
“Storyscapes and Emplacement, Layer by Layer,” Change Over Time 3 (2013): 162-173 (with David Barnes).